Russian Lesson 1: The Alphabet

Hello, welcome to the first lesson in this Russian language “course,” the alphabet.

The Russian alphabet is quite similar to the English alphabet, in fact, many Russian letters have an English counterpart. While the English alphabet consists of 26 letters, the Russian alphabet consists of 33 of which 10 are vowels, 21 are consonants, and 2 are silent.

The memorization of and later implementation of the Russian alphabet should be quite simple for an English speaker.

The Russian Alphabet

Аа: used similarly to a in English.

Бб: used similarly to b in English.

Вв: used similarly to v in English.

Гг: used similarly to g in English.

Дд: used similarly to d in English.

Ее: pronounced ye.

Ёё: pronounced yo.

Жж: pronounced like the s in leisure.

Зз: used similarly to z in English.

Ии: used as ee is used in English.

Йй: literally short Ии, pronounced like the y in toy.

Кк: used similarly to k in English.

Лл: used similarly to L in English.

Мм: used similarly to m in English.

Нн: used similarly to n in English.

Оо: used similarly to o in English.

Пп: used similarly to p in English.

Рр: used similarly to r in English.

Сс: used similarly to s in English.

Тт: used similarly to t in English.

Уу: used as oo is used in English.

Фф: used similarly to f in English.

Хх: pronounced ha. Click here for a better explanation.

Цц: pronounced tse.

Чч: used as ch is used in English.

Шш: used as sh is used in English.

Щщ: pronounced as sh and ch together. Click here for a better explanation.

Ъъ: does not have a sound, used to emphasize the previous letter. Literally hard sign.

Ыы: used similarly to i in English, more like the i in pill.

Ьь: does not have a sound, used to soften the previous letter. Literally a soft sign.

Ээ: used similarly to e in English, more like the e in hen.

Юю: pronounced yoo.

Яя: pronounced ya.

For further assistance I would recommend visiting this link, it is a great resource on the pronunciation of the Russian alphabet and where I found great help in creating this post.

That is it for your lesson for today, stay tuned for the next post on greetings/conversation.


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