Spanish Lesson 1: Alphabet

Hola! Welcome to the first lesson in the Spanish Language. For this Lesson, we will focus on the alphabet, specifically the vowels and new letters.

Spanish uses the same base alphabet as English, but with some new letters added in.
The letters themselves are not new, but it is important to understand how they are pronounced.

Aa: pronounced ah.


Bb: used similarly to the English b.


Cc: just like English, it can be used two ways. In most uses it sounds just like the English ‘C’ however in the presence of en ‘E’ or an ‘I’ it changes to sound like the English ‘S’ (or the English “Th”.


Dd:  used similarly to the English d, though much softer.


Ee: pronounced eh.


Ff: used like the English f.


Gg: pronounced as an English g or as an English when in the presence of an or an i.


Hh: has no pronunciation unless used to make ch which is pronounced the same way as in English.


Ii: pronounced ee.


Jj: pronounced similarly to the English h.


Kk: pronounced like the English k.


Ll: pronounced similarly to the English L.


LLll: This new letter is called ‘eh-yeh.’ It is used similarly to the English y. (as a consonant).


Mm: pronounced similarly to the English m.


Nn: pronounced like the English n.


Ññ: always used in the middle of a word and sounds like an and a put together. The word “baño” is pronounced banyo.


Oo: pronounced oh.


Pp: pronounced like the English p.


Qq: must always be followed by a and is pronounced similarly to the English k.


Rr: pronounced like the English d. When two are put together it is pronounced similarly to the English r. This will be explained in more depth later on.


Ss: pronounced like the English s.


Tt: pronounced similarly to the English T.


Uu: pronounced ooh.


Vv: pronounced similarly to the English v.


Ww: rarely used, but its pronunciation is identical to that of the English w.


Xx: pronounced like a softer English x. There are some cases where it sounds like an English h.


Yy: just like in English, it can be a vowel or a consonant. The consonant form sounds just like an English y, and the vowel is pronounced ee.


Zz: can be pronounced like the English or the English ‘th’.


 

*Footnote: the and the both have alternate pronunciations. These depend on regional dialect, and are both acceptable.

That’s it for the first lesson! See you next time and happy learning! Adiós amigos!

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